Academic Literature List

A (14) | B (4) | C (18) | D (4) | E (12) | F (31) | G (8) | H (3) | I (6) | J (2)
Authorsort descending Title Publication Date Summary
Alain d’Astous and Suzanne Mathieu Inciting consumers to buy fairly-traded products: a field experiment 2008 Research on fairly-traded products has shown that changing consumers’ attitudes may not be the best strategy to bring consumers to purchase these products.
Alastair Michael Smith Fair Trade, Diversification and Structural Change: Towards a Broader Theoretical Framework of Analysis 2009 This paper responds to the argument that while Fair Trade governance might increase short-term welfare, it reduces long-term development prospects by discouraging diversification and structural change
Alastair Michael Smith Evaluating the Criticisms of Fair Trade: How strong is the argument that consumers and businesses should abandon Fair Trade as a means to socialise their economic decisions? 2009 This article critically examines some of the most common arguments used to support the view that Fair Trade should be rejected by consumers and businesses seeking to socialise their economic decisions
Alastair Michael Smith, Lies Craeynest, and Fairtrade Foundation EGALITE, FRATERNITE, SUSTAINABILITE: why the climate revolution must be a fair revolution 2009 The paper highlights how climate change is already affecting producers, reducing crop yields and making their lives more uncertain.
Alberto Arce Living in times of solidarity: Fair Trade and the fractured life worlds of Guatemalan Coffee Farmers 2009 This paper examines the social effects of fair trade transactions emerging from policies to expand the market around the globe.
Alex Hughes Multi-Stakeholder Approaches to Ethical Trade: Towards a Reorganisation of UK Retailers Global Supply Chains? 2001 As a result of consumer campaigns and media exposure of poor working conditions at sites of export production, retailers are under heightened pressure to organise their global supply chains more respo
Alex Nicholls Strategic Options for Fair Trade Retailing 2002 Notes that there has been a significant increase in the market for fair trade products in the UK over the past five years.
Amina Béji-Bécheur, Virginie Diaz Pedregal, and Nil Ozcaglar-Toulouse Fair Trade–Just How Fair are the Exchanges? 2008 Fair trade has become increasingly recognized and studied since the late 1990s.
Ananya Mukherjee and Darryl Reed FAIR TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT: What are the Implications of Mainstreaming? 2009 A critical aspect of the current global crisis is the plight of small producers, particularly those operating in agrarian sectors.
Andreas Chatzidakis, Sally Hibbert and Andrew Smith Why People Don’t Take their Concerns about Fair Trade to the Supermarket 2007 This article explores how neutralisation can explain people’s lack of commitment to buying Fair Trade (FT) products, even when they identify FT as an ethical concern.
Andreas Chatzidakis, Sally Hibbert, Darryn Mittusis, and Andrew Smith Virtue of Consumption 2004 All consumer activities have an integral ethical component and consumers’ are frequently found to behave in ways that contradict their professed ethical concerns.
Andrew Crane Unpacking the Ethical Product 2001 Acknowledging the increasing attention in the literature devoted to the incorporation of ethical considerations into consumers'' purchase decisions, this paper explores the notion of an ethi
Andrew J. Elliot and Patricia G. Devine On the Motivational Nature of Cognitive Dissonance Dissonance as Psychological Discomfort 1994 Most empirical research investigating the motivational properties of cognitive dissonance has focused on the arousal component of dissonance rather than on the psychological component explicitly delin
Angela Hale What hope for "Ethical" Trade in the Globalised Garment Industry? 2000 In the autumn of 1999 a major UK garment retailer joined the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), just as the media were announcing the loss of thousands of jobs in their UK factories.
Angela Hale and Linda M Shawn Women Workers and the Promise of Ethical Trade in teh Globalised Garment Industry: A Serious Beginning 2001 The paper gives an overview of the recent development within the Ethical Trade Initiative (ETI), especially the development of corporate codes of conduct, and considers the prospects they offer for im
Angus Lyall Assessing the Impacts of Fair Trade on Worker-Defined Forms of Empowerment on Equadorian Flower Plantations 2014 This study was commissioned by Fairtrade International and the Max Havelaar-Foundation (Switzerland) to investigate the ways in which workers on three Fairtrade-certified flower plantations in Ecuador
Anil Hira and Jared Ferrie Fair Trade: Three Key Challenges for Reaching the Mainstream 2006 After nearly 20 years of work by activists, fair trade, a movement establishing alternative trading organizations to ensure minimal returns, safe working conditions, and environmentally sustainable pr
Ann Le Mar The impact of FairTrade on social and economic development: a review of the literature 2008 This article explores the outcomes of Fair Trade for producers, artisans and their organizations.
Ann Le Mar Fair Trade as narrative: the stories within Fair Trade 2006 This article considers the different stories within Fair Trade and how they come together as a narrative that informs both the social movement of Fair Trade and the practice of Fair Trade business rel
Anna Tollontire and Michael E. Blowfield Will the WTO Prevent the Growth of Ethical Trade?: Implications of Potential Changes to WTO Rules for Environmental and Social Standards in the Forest Sector 2000 Whilst its promoters believe that there are numerous benefits to be gained by many producers from ethical trade, some stakeholders in the South see ethical trade schemes as protectionist.
Anne Tallontire Challenges Facing Fair Trade and Ethical Sourcing: Which Way Now? 2002 Approaching maturity, Fair Trade faces challenges at both ends of the supply chain, reflecting the dual roles of Fair Trade as a business and development instrument.
April Linton A Niche for Sustainability: Fair Labor and Environmentally Sound Practices in the Specialty Coffee Industry 2007 Facing a worldwide coffee crisis in which prices fell to levels that do not support small-scale production or living wages for coffee workers, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and specialty coffee
April Linton Partnering for Sustainability: Business-NGO Alliances in the Coffee Industry 2005 The movement to promote coffee produced in a sustainable way is one of many efforts aimed at linking social responsibility and market capitalism.
April Linton, Cindy Chiayuan Liou, and Kelly Ann Shaw A Taste of Trade Justice: Marketing Global Social Responsibility via Fair Trade Coffee 2004 The movement to certify and promote fairly traded coffee is one of many effortsaimed at linking social responsibility and free market capitalism.
Benjamin Huybrechts and Jacques Defourny Are Fair Trade Organizations necessarily Social Enterprises? 2008 Fair Trade organisations (FTOs) have been taken quite early as examples of Social Enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept.
Bob Dohertya, Iain A. Daviesb and Sophi Tranchell. Where now for fair trade? 2012 This paper critically examines the discourse surrounding fair trade mainstreaming, and discusses the potential avenues for the future of the social movement.
Brink Lindsey Grounds for Complaint: Fair Trade and the Coffee Crisis 2004 While affluent consumers in rich countries pay several dollars for a cup of latte at the local Starbucks, millions of small-scale coffee farmers are struggling as coffee bean prices have plummeted to
by Mark Hudson, Ian Hudson, Jason D. Edgerton Fostering Community Economic Development with Ethical Consumption - An Experiment Using Fair Trade Coffee 2012 This paper aims to contribute to an exploration of whether ethical consumption (purchasing commodities that contain a public-good element) might be used as part of a Community Economic Development str
Candace Archer and Stefan Fritsch Global fair trade: Humanizing globalization and reintroducing the normative to international political economy 2010 Since the mid-1990s fair trade has gained consumers and public attention, but IPE scholars have had little to say about this new phenomenon.
Caroline Wright Consuming lives, consuming landscapes: interpreting advertisements for Cafedirect coffees 2004 This paper analyses newspaper advertising for the fairtrade coffee company Cafédirect, focusing particularly on the ways UK consumers are urged to transform unequal social relations with coffee produc
Caroline Wright and Gilma Madrid Contesting Fair Trade in Colombia's Cut-Flower Industry: A Case of Cultural Injustice 2007 Based on a case study of Colombia’s cut-flower industry, this article draws strategically on Nancy Fraser’s model of (in)justice to explore the mutual entwinement of culture and economy.
Carolyn Strong The Problems of Translating Fair Trade Principles into Consumer Purchase Behaviour 1997 Suggests a number of features which characterize the manifestation of fair trade consumerism.
Carolyn Strong The Role of Fair Trade Principles Within Sustainable Development 1997 This conceptual paper addresses the challenge of how sustainable development can be achieved, suggesting that fair trade has a part to play within the paradigm of sustainable development.
Carolyn Strong Features Contributing to the Growth of Ethical Consumerism- A Preliminary Investigation 1996 Consumers of the 1990s are claimed to be caring, environmentally and socially aware and are demanding a say in the production, processing and resourcing of the products they regularly purchase.
Christopher Bacon, Ernesto Mendez, Maria Eguenia Flores Gomez, Douglas Stuart, and Sandro Raul Diaz Flores Are Sustainable Coffee Certifications Enough to Secure Farmer Livelihoods: The Millenium Development Goals and Nicaragua's Fair Trade Cooperatives 2008 In December 2001, green coffee commodity prices hit a 30-year low. This deepened the livelihood crisis for millions of coffee farmers and rural communities.
Clive Barnett Governing the Subjects and Spaces of Ethical Consumption: Full Research Report. 2007 Literature on sustainable consumption have focused on the potential of consumer agency as a driver of changes in overall patterns of consumption.
Clive Hamilton The Case for Fair Trade 2001 While the case for ‘free trade’ has been put consistently to the public over the years, the case for ‘fair trade’ is not widely understood.
Collen E. H. Berndt Does Fair Trade coffee help the poor? 2007 Proponents of Fair Trade claim it improves the lives of farmers in developing countries by providing them a higher sale price for their crops, allowing for a higher standard of living, and offering th
Commission by Transfair Germany and Max Havelaar Foundation Switzerland Fairtrade Impact Study - Assessing the Impact of Poverty Reduction through Rural Development 2012 What are the effects of Fairtrade on rural development in the producing countries of the South? Which are the decisive factors for an ideal influence?
Dana Frank Where are the Workers in Consumer-Worker Alliances? Class Dynamics and the History of Consumer-Labour Campaigns 2003 This article surveys the history of labor- and middle-class-sponsored efforts to mobilize shopping on behalf of working people from the late nineteenth century through the present.
Daniel Jaffee Weak Coffee: Certification and Cooptation in the Fair Trade Movement 2012 This article explores the case of the international fair trade movement, which aims to change the inLequitable terms of global trade in commodities for small farmers, artisans, and waged laborers.
Daniel Jaffee Fair Trade Standards, Corporate Participation, and Social Movement Responses in the United States 2011 This article examines the development of and contestation over the standards for certified fair trade, with particular attention to the U.S. context.
Daniel Jaffee and Philip Howard Corporate cooptation of organic and fair trade standards 2011 Recent years have seen a substantial increase in alternative agrifood initiatives that attempt to use the market to curtail the negative social and environmental effects of production and trade in a g
Daniel Jaffee, Jack R. Kloppenburg, and Mario B. Monroy Bringing the ‘‘Moral Charge’’ Home: Fair Trade Within the North and Within the South 2004 Fair trade is typically understood as an alternative market system that aims to right historically inequitable terms of trade between the geopolitical North and South and foster more direct producer/c
Darryl R. J. Macer , Minakshi Bhardwaj, Fumi Maekawa, And Yuki Niimura Ethical Opportunities In Global Agriculture, Fisheries, And Forestry: The Role For FAO 2003 FAO has a unique and essential role in addressing the ethical problems facing humanity and in making these problems into opportunities for practical resolution.
Darryl Reed What do Corporations have to do with Fair Trade? Positive and Normative Analysis from a Value Chain Perspective 2009 The primary purpose of this article is to explore the normative issues involved in corporate participation in fair trade.
Darryl Reed, B. Thomson, Ian Hussey, and Jean-Frederic LeMay Developing a Normatively-Grounded Research Agenda for Fair Trade: Examining the Case of Canada 2012 This paper examines two issues related to research of certified fair trade goods.
David B. Bray, JOSE Plaza Sanchez, and Ellen Conteras Murphy Social Dimensions of Organic Coffee Production in Mexico: Lessons for Eco-Labeling Initiatives 2002 Significant attention has been given to the relationship between small coffee farms and biodiversity in recent years.
David Carruthers The Politics and Ecology of Indigenous Folk Art in Mexico 2001 The case of indigenous artisans in Costa Rica trying to succeed in the global markets for handicrafts and international tourism demonstrates that the public narratives of the country's character
Deborah james Consumer Activism and Corporate Accountability 2002 Sip a steaming brew at Starbucks, and you might associate coffee with prosperity.
Deborah james Justice and Java: Coffee in a Fair Trade Market 2000 This article covers the rise of Fair Trade coffee in the Americas, with a brief overview of the unfair labor practices and difficult working conditions faced by coffee farmers in Latin America.
Deidre Shaw and Ian Clarke Belief Formation in Ethical Consumer Groups: An Exploratory Study 1999 Belief formation is a neglected part of research in consumer behaviour and a potentially valuable area of study for helping to clarify the conditions under which they relate to actual patterns of beha
Deirdre Shaw and Terry Newholm Voluntary Simplicity and the Ethics of Consumption 2002 : The increased levels of consumption that have accompanied our consumer-oriented culture have also given rise to some consumers questioning their individual consumption choices, with many opting for
Don Wells How Ethical are Ethical Purchasing Policies? 2004 In recent years ethical purchasing policies have been promoted as potentially effective and promising ways of combatting global inequality and oppressive labour practices in developing countries.
Douglas Murray and Laura T. Raynolds Alternative trade in bananas: Obstacles and opportunities for progressive social change in the global economy 2000 Fair trade bananas are the latest in an increasing array of commodities that are being promoted by various organizations in an effort to create alternative production and consumption patterns to the e
Douglas Murray, Laura Raynolds, and Peter Taylor The Future of Fair Trade Coffee: Dilemmas Facing Latin Americas Small-Scale Producers 2006 This study explores some of the dilemmas facing the Fair Trade movement as it seeks to broaden and deepen its impact among the rural poor of Latin America's coffee sector.
Douglas Murray, Laura T. Raynolds, and Peter Leigh Taylor One Cup at a Time: Fair Trade and Poverty Alleviation in Latin America 2003 Most observers agree that Fair Trade cannot solve all the problems of poverty in the South.
Eleanor Fisher Policy Arena. Introduction: The Policy Trajectory of Fair Trade 2009 This article provides a selective review of literature on fair trade and introduces contributions to this Policy Arena of the Journal for International Development.
Elizabeth Barham Towards a Theory of Values-Based Labeling 2002 An outline of a theory of values-based labeling as a social movement argues that it is motivated by the need to re-embed the agro-food economy in the larger social economy.
Erbin Crowell Notes from the field: Building Fair Trade in Chiapas 1997 Chiapas is one of Mexico's poorest states and has the country's highest concentration of indigenous people.
Eric Arnould, Alejandro Plastina and Dwayne Ball Does Fair Trade Deliver on Its Core Value Proposition? Effects on Income, Educational Attainment, and Health in Three Countries 2009 Alternative trade organizations (ATOs) based on philosophies of social justice and/or environmental well-being are establishing new channels of trade and marketing.
Fair Trade Advocacy Office Power in the West African cotton sector 2016 On 15 March 2016 the Fair Trade Advocacy Office launched at the Cotton Forum taking place in Paris, in cooperation with the Association of African Cotton Producers a position paper on the power imbala
Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International Monitoring the scope and benefits of Fairtrade 3rd Edition 2011 The information generated through our annual monitoring processes is used to inform and guide the Fairtrade system.
Gautier Pirotte, Geoffrey Pleyers and Marc Poncelet Fair-trade coffee in Nicaragua and Tanzania: a comparison 2006 A focus on Tanzania and Nicaragua and studying the role of four key actors-small-scale producers, co-operatives, development partners, and public authorities.
Gavin Fridell The Case Against Cheap Bananas: Lessons from the EU-Caribbean Banana Agreement 2011 This article examines the dismantling of the EU-Caribbean banana agreement and how its decline has been justified by economic critics drawing on dubious knowledge about the benefits of free trade and
Gavin Fridell Fair Trade Coffee and Commodity Fetishism: The Limits of Market-Driven Social Justice 2007 This paper explores the claims made by various authors that the fair trade network provides an initial basis for a challenge to the commodification of goods under global capitalism.
Gavin Fridell Fair Trade and Neoliberalism: Assessing Emerging Perspectives 2006 Emerging perspectives on the fair-trade network can be grouped into three broad categories on the basis of their overarching assumptions.
Gavin Fridell The Fair Trade Network in Historical Perspective 2004 This paper examines the fair trade network within the context of the post-war international development regime.
Gavin Fridell The University and the Moral Imperative of Fair Trade Coffee 2004 This paper examines the relationship between the university and fair trade coffee campaigns in North America.
Geoff Moore The Fair Trade movement: parameters, issues and future research 2004 Although Fair Trade has been in existence for more than 40 years, discussion in the business and business ethics literature of this unique trading and campaigning movement between Southern producers a
Geoff Moore, Richard Slack, and Jane Gibbon Criteria for Responsible Business Practice in SMEs: An exploratory case of U.K. Fair Trade Organisations 2009 This paper develops a set of 16 criteria, divided into four groupings, for responsible business practice (RBP) in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) drawn from the existing SME/RBP literature.
Guilheme Piers and John Stanton Ethnic Marketing Ethics 2002 Culture plays an important role in defining ethics standards because dissimilar cultures socialize their people differently, according to what is acceptable behaviour.
Harold Goodwin and Dilys Roe Tourism, livelihoods and protected areas: opportunities for fair-trade tourism in and around national parks 2001 […]Nevertheless, many national parks are major tourist attractions in rural, and often marginal, areas and do offer significant opportunities for indigenous enterprise development.
Iain Davies CSR in SMEs: Investigating Employee Engagement in Fair Trade Companies 2009 Ensuring employee buy-in to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is important in ensuring overall Small and Medium Size Enterprise (SME) engagement with CSR (Jones, 2006).
Iain Davies Alliances and Networks: Creating Success in the UK Fair Trade Market 2008 Data from a longitudinal study into the key management success factors in the fair trade industry provide insights into the essential nature of inter-organizational alliances and networks in creating
Iain Davies The Eras and Participants of FairTrade: An Industry Structure/Stakeholder Perspectiveon the Growth of the Fair Trade Industry 2007 This paper aims to investigate the increased mass-marketing in the fair trade industry to provide a robust analysis of the industry, participants and growth for use both as a starting-point for resear
Iain Davies and Andrew Crane Ethical Decision Making in Fair Trade Companies 2003 This paper reports on a study of ethical decision-making in a fair trade company.
Iain Davies, Bob Doherty, and Simon Knox The Rise and Stall of a Fair Trade Pioneer: The Cafedirect Story 2009 This is a case study investigating the growth of fair trade pioneer, Cafédirect.
Ian Hudson and Mark Hudson Removing the Veil? Commodity Fetishism, Fair Trade and the Environment 2003 For Marx, commodity fetishism is the tendency of people to see the product of their labor in terms of relationships between things, rather than social relationships between people.
Ian Hussey and Joe Curnow Fair Trade: From Solidarity to the Standardization of Neocolonial Relations 2016 In the early 1980s, as the Reagan administration aggressively funded an imperialist war in Nicaragua, the Sandinistas reached out internationally for demonstrations of solidarity.
Jack W. Brehm Increasing cognitive dissonance by a Fait Accompli The purpose of this paper, then, is to report an experiment in which a fait accompli (an event outside of the person's control) does appear to have increased cognitive dissonance.
Jane Turner and Heather Webb A Nice Cup of Tea - Ethical Consumer Research Report 2014 The global tea industry has a history of poor wages and working conditions, damaging biodiversity and overusing pesticides.
Janet Landman Regret and Elation Following Action and Inaction Affective Responses to Positive Versus Negative Outcomes In their research on decision under uncertainty, Kahneman and Tversky (1982a) examined whether, given the same negative outcome, there is any difference in the experience of regret, depending on wheth
Jeff Beyer The Impacts of Fairtrade Coffee in Producer Countries 2008 Coffee is a tremendously relevant global commodity. It stands only behind petroleum, ranking as the second most valuable internationally traded commodity, with over 2.28 billion cups consumed daily.
John Cranfield, Spencer Henson, James Northey and Oliver Masakure An Assessment of Consumer Preference for Fair Trade Coffee in Toronto and Vancouver 2010 Regardless of location, consumers place a strong premium on price and labeling claims.
Joni Valkila Fair Trade organic coffee production in Nicaragua — Sustainable development or a poverty trap? 2009 This article assesses the impact of Fair Trade organic coffee production on the well-being of small-scale farmers in Nicaragua
Joni Valkila and Anja Nygren Impacts of fair trade certification on coffee farmers, cooperatives, and laborers in Nicaragua 2009 This paper analyzes the possibilities and challenges of Fair Trade certification as a movement seeking to improve the well-being of small-scale coffee growers and coffee laborers in the global South.
Karen Klonsky Forces impacting the production of organic foods 2000 Roughly 20 percent of organic cropland was devoted to produce compared to only 3 percent for conventional agriculture in 1995.
Karla Utting Assessing the Impact of Fair Trade Coffee: Towards an Integrative Framework 2007 This paper presents an impact assessment framework that allows for the evaluation of various positive and negative local-level impacts that have resulted from “responsible trade” interventions, such a
Karla Utting-chamorro Does fair trade make a difference? 2005 Fair trade represents an innovative approach to make the rules of global trade work for disadvantaged producers in the South and for sustainable development.
Kate MacDonald Globalising Justice within Coffee Supply Chains? Fair Trade, Starbucks and the transformation of supply chain governance 2007 This paper reviews a range of initiatives that attempt http://www.dev.cftn.ca/admin/structureto transform the global institutional arrangements through which production and trade of coffee is organise
Keith Brown The Social Dynamics and Durability of Moral Boundaries 2009 This article examines how ethical consumers think about and talk about ethical consumption.
Laura Raynolds Forging New Consumer/ Producer Links in Fair Trade Coffee Networks 2002 Though the international trade in Fair Trade labeled products is quite young and represents only a minor share of the global market, this trade has grown dramatically in recent years.
Laura Raynolds Re-embedding global agriculture: the international organic and fair trade movements 2000 : The international organic agriculture and fair trade movements represent important challenges to the ecologically and socially destructive relations that characterize the global agro-food system.
Laura Raynolds, Douglas Murray, and Peter Leigh Taylor Fair Trade Coffee: Building Producer Capacity via global Networks 2005 This article examines the ongoing rapid expansion in Fair Trade coffee networks linking Northern consumers with producers in the global South.
Laura T. Raynolds Mainstreaming Fair Trade Coffee: From Partnership to Traceability 2009 This article analyzes the recent growth of Fair Trade and the mainstreaming of this previously alternative arena.
Laura T. Raynolds and Siphelo U. Ngcwangu Fair Trade Rooibos Tea: Connecting South African Producers and American Consumer Markets 2009 This article analyzes the recent growth and configuration of Fair Trade networks connecting South African Rooibos tea producers with American consumer markets.
Laura T. Raynolds, Douglas Murray, and Andrew Heller Regulating Sustainability in the Coffee Sector 2012 Certification and labeling initiatives that seek to enhance environmental and social sustainability are growing rapidly.
Lawrence Busch Virgil, Vigilance, and Voice: Agrifood Ethics in an Age of Globalization 2003 Some 2000 years ago, Virgil wrote The Georgics, a political tract on Roman agriculture in the form of a poem.
Leon Festinger and James M. Carlsmith Cognitive Consequences of Forced Compliance What happens to a person's private opinion if he is forced to do or say something contrary to that opinion? Only recently has there been any experimental work related to this question.
Leonardo Becchetti and Benjamin Huybrechts The Dynamics of Fair Trade as a Mixed-Form Market 2007 This article analyses the Fair Trade sector as a “mixed-form market,” i.e., a market in which different types of players (in this case, nonprofit, co-operative and for-profit organizations) coexist an
Leonardo Becchetti and Marco Costantino The effects of Fair Trade on marginalised producers: an impact analysis on kenyan farmers 2006 The paper analyses the impact of Fair Trade (FT) affiliation on monetary and non monetary measures of well-being on a sample of Kenyan farmers.
Linda Kleemann and Alexandra Effenberger Price Transmission in the Pineapple Market – What Role for Organic Fruit? 2011 Specifically, the paper attempts to single out the existence and direction of causality between the conventional and organic pineapple price using the European pineapple market as an example.
Linda Simon, Jeff Greenberg and Jack Brehm Trivialization: the forgotten mode of dissonance reduction. 1995 Trivialization as a mode of dissonance reduction and the conditions under which it is likely to occur were explored in 4 studies.
Lindsey Moore Reading Tea Leaves: The Impact of Mainstreaming Fair Trade 2010 Through case studies of tea plantations in India, this paper explores how Fair Trade commitments are actuated in producer communities.
Loraine Ronchi Fairtrade and Market Failures in Agricultural Commodity Markets 2006 This paper concerns an NGO intervention in agricultural commodity markets known as Fairtrade.
Loraine Ronchi The Impact of Fairtrade on Producers and their Organizations: A case study with Coocafe in Costa Rica 2002 Fair Trade attempts to address the poverty issues of small Southern producers through the payment of a ‘fair price’ for their goods and the provision of support services for producer organisations.
Manik Mehta Fair Trade Coffee: do direct imported coffees provide better opportunities for producing countries? 1996 Its motto is to promote the idea of "fair trade" with countries of the third world.
Mara Fridell, Ian Hudson, and Mark Hudson With Friends Like These: The corporate response to fair trade 2008 Capitalist agriculture is highly exploitative of both producers and the environment.
Margaret Levi and April Linton Fair Trade: A Cup at a Time? 2003 Fair Trade coffee campaigns have improved the lives of small-scale coffee farmers and their families by raising wages, creating direct trade links to farming cooperatives, and providing access to affo
Marianne Pemberton Playing Fair[trade] with Nestlé: The Evolution of an Unlikely Partnership in the Conventional Coffee Market 2011 Fair trade-certified products have been something of a growth industry of late.
Marie-Christine Renard The interstices of globalization: the example of fair trade coffee 1999 This paper analyses the process of globalization of agriculture and food.
Marie-Cristine Renard Fair trade quality, market and conventions 2002 This article analyzes Fair Trade, its evolution and the challenges it faces, in the light of the convention theory and its application to the ambit of agro-food.
Mark Hudson and Ian Hudson Justice, Sustainability, and the Fair Trade Movement: A Case Study of Coffee Production in Chiapas 2004 This article provides a brief backgrounder on Chiapas in the context of globalization and the international coffee trade.
Mark Moberg Fair Trade and Eastern Caribbean Banana Farmers: Rhetoric and Reality in the Anti-Globalization Movement 2005 A case study of banana farmers in the Windward Islands after converting their crop to Fair Trade, the article raises some difficult questions about the promise of Fair Trade and the difficulties in pr
Marsha Dickson and Mary Littrell Organizational Culture for Small Textile and Apparel Businesses in Guatemala 1998 : The organizational culture of small Guatemalan businesses that produce textile and apparel products for export to the U.S.
Mary L. Littrell, Jennifer Ogle, and Soyoung Kim Marketing Ethic Apparel: Single or Multiple Consumer Segments? 1999 This research was designed to generate inductively distinguishable clusters of ethnic apparel consumers; theoretical propositions describing these clusters were intended as a comparative benchmark for
Mary Littrell and Dickson Marsha Fair Trade Performance in a Competitive Market 1998 Fair Trade Organizations (FTOs) market crafts from developing countries through retail stores and catalogs in the U.S.
Mary Mellor and Geoff Moore Business for a social purpose: Traidcraft and Shared Interest 2005 Mary Mellor and Geoff Moore present case studies of two organizations that have Corporate Social Responsibility in the form of social purpose at the heart of their theory and practice.
Matt Adams and Jayne Raisborough Making a difference: ethical consumption and the everyday 2010 Our everyday shopping practices are increasingly marketed as opportunities to‘make a difference’ via our ethical consumption choices.
Matthew Adams and Jayne Raisborough What can sociology say about Fair Trade? Reflexivity, ethical consumption and class 2008 This article critically considers the `fit' between FairTrade consumption and conceptualizations of the reflexive project of selfhood.
Matthias Zick Varul Ethical Selving in Cultural Contexts: Fairtrade Consumption as an Everyday Ethical Practice in the UK and in Germany 2009 Fairtrade consumers, by enacting their political and moral concerns through consumer choice, are at the same time constructing themselves as ethical selves.Teh author argues that they can only do so b
Matthias Zick Varul Consuming the Campesino: Fairtrade Marketing between Recognition and Romantic Commodification 2008 This paper aims to reconstruct the everyday moral plausibility of fair trade consumerism by linking it back to an analysis of the moral grammar of capitalist consumer culture and understanding it as b
Michael E. Blowfield Ethical Sourcing: A Contribution to Sustainability or a Diversion? 2012 There is a plethora of codes of practice emerging to help business manage and communicate social and environmental performance, particularly the relationship with suppliers in developing countries.
Michael E. Blowfield Ethical Trade: A Review of Developments and Issues 1999 Ethical trade is a fast growing field both in terms of interest and practice, but one where there is little independent analysis or literature.
Michael Goodman The mirror of consumption: Celebritization, developmental consumption and the shifting cultural politics of fair trade 2010 This paper explores the shifting cultural politics of development as expressed in the changing narratives and discursive transparencies of fair trade marketing tactics in the UK.
Michael Goodman Reading Fair Trade: Political Ecological Imaginary and the Moral Economy of Fair Trade Foods 2004 This paper begins to explore the changing political geographies of alternative development as practiced and envisioned in the global South.
Michael Goodman Consuming Narratives: the political ecology of alternative consumption 2004 This paper examines how political ecology themes of tropical conservation and social justice become representational practices underpinning ‘alternative’ consumption in the North.
Michael K Goodman , Damian Maye, and Lewis Holloway Ethical foodscapes?: premises, promises, and possibilities 2010 This paper provides an introduction to a special issue on Ethical Food-scapes.
Michael Korthals Taking Consumers Seriously: Two Concepts of Consumer Sovereignty 2001 Governments, producers, and international free trade organizations like the World Trade Organization (WTO) are increasingly confronted with consumers who not only buy (or don't buy) goods, but al
Molly Doane and Paige West Trading in Coffee 2004 Brief overview of the authors work in Papua New Guinea and Mexico with coffee farmers, the article notes that coffee farmers do not generally choose organic growing methods for the same reasons as Nor
Moore, G. and Gibbon, J. and Slack, R. The mainstreaming of Fair Trade: a macromarketing perspective 2006 Following a brief review of the development and underlying purposes of the Fair Trade movement, the paper introduces perhaps the key issue for the UK Fair Trade movement currently: the mainstreaming o
Name of the Author Top heavy? Governance issues and policy decisions for the fair trade movement 2009 With the advent of mainstreaming, several different business models operate within the fair trade system.
Nicki Lisa Cole GLOBAL CAPITALISM ORGANIZING KNOWLEDGE OF RACE, GENDER AND CLASS: THE CASE OF SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE COFFEE 2008 What knowledge travels along, and is injected into, the global commodity chain of coffee, on its path from tree to cup?
Nuntana Udomkit and Adrian Winnett Fair trade in organic rice: a case study from Thailand 2002 What is the impact of fair trade on producers?
Olaf Paulsen Globalization of a Special Kind 1998 In the first of two articles about current sales of tea under Fair Trade initiatives, Olaf Paulsen, tea register coordinator, explains the new structure of the organization.
Oxfam International Rigged Rules and Double Standards: trade, globalisation, and the fight against poverty 2002 There is a paradox at the heart of international trade. In the globalised world of the early twenty-first century, trade is one of the most powerful forces linking our lives.
Pamela Robinson Responsible Retailing: Regulating Fair and Ethical Trade 2009 During the last decade or so, there has been intense pressure for greater corporate accountability in the global trading of goods.
Pauline Tiffen A Chocolate-Coated Case for Alternative International Business Models 2004 Large companies have accelerated their control of the basic commodities markets in the last decade.
Penny M. Simpson, Judy A. Siguaw and John W. Cadogan Understanding the consumer propensity to observe 2006 The purpose of this paper is to explore the tendency of some consumers to use the purchase behavior of unknown other consumers as a purchase decision heuristic, by first developing a measure of the c
Peter Edward Business and development - Towards re-politicisation 2009 This paper proposes a heuristic model that aims to render more visible tensions concerning the role of the invisible hand of the market with respect to development.
Peter Taylor In the Market But Not Of It: Fair Trade Coffee and Forest Stewardship Council Certification as Market-Based Social Change 2002 This paper discusses two well-known market-based social change initiatives, Fair Trade coffee and Forest Stewardship Council certification, which harness market forces to pursue social and environment
Peter Taylor, Douglas Murray, and Laura Raynolds Keeping Trade Fair: Governance Challenges in the Fair Trade Coffee Initiative 2005 Fair trade has gained attention as an innovative market-based mechanism for addressing social and environmental problems exacerbated by Conventional global markets.
Philip Howard and Patricia Allen Consumer willingness to pay for domestic 'fair trade': evidence from the United States 2008 The success of fair trade labels for food products imported from the Global South has attracted interest from producers and activists in the Global North.
Pierre McDonagh Communicative campaigns to effect anti-slavery and Fair Trade: The cases of Rugmark and Cafédirect 2002 This inquiry examines the challenge for marketers to foster both anti-slavery and fair trade. Analyzes communicative work to enhance both.
Raluca Dragusanu, Daniele Giovannucci, and Nathan Nunn The Economics of Fair Trade 2014 Fair Trade is a labeling initiative aimed at improving the lives of the poor in developing countries by offering better terms to producers and helping them to organize.
Raluca Dragusanu, Daniele Giovannucci, and Nathan Nunn The Economics of Fair Trade 2014 Fair Trade is a labeling initiative aimed at improving the lives of the poor in developing countries by offering better terms to producers and helping them to organize.
Rie Makita Fair Trade Certification: The Case of Tea Plantation Workers in India 2012 This article analyses the impact of Fair Trade certification by focusing on its interactions with the patron–client relations traditionally established between management and workers in tea plantation
Robbert Maseland and Albert de Vaal How Fair is Fair Trade? 2002 This paper investigates to what extent fair trade programmes, are indeed ‘fair.’ This is accomplished by comparing fair trade with free trade and protectionist trade regimes on their compliance of the
Robert Cleverdon Introduction: Fair Trade in Tourism - Applications and Experience 2001 This article is a summary of five papers at a conference specifically about how Fair Trade can be applied to the field of tourism.
Robert Rice Coffee production in a time of crisis: social and environmental connections 2003 The coffee industry rests upon the production of a global commodity that has grown two-fold in volume and 3.
Robert Rice Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and Fair Trade coffee movements in the global marketplace 2003 Social relations associated with conventional agricultural exports find their origins in long term associations based on business, family, and class alliances.
Ruud Bronkhorst Fair Prices and Wages 2004 It has become fashionable, especially in the fair trade movement but not only there, to advertise products with the slogan that ‘the producer receives a fair price’ for his products. There appears no
Ruud Bronkhorst An approach to calculate ‘Fair’ prices and wages 2004 The Fair Trade movement often claims to pay the producer a ‘fair price’ for his products.
Sally Smith and Stephanie Barrientos Fair Trade and Ethical Trade: are there moves towards convergence? 2005 Fair trade and ethical trade have traditionally had quite different aims, scope and modalities, the former principally focused on terms of trade with small scale producers and the latter on working co
Sandy Brown and Christy Getz Towards Domestic Fair Trade? Farm labor, food localism, and the ‘family scale’ farm 2008 Over the past several decades, consumers in the global North have increasingly looked to fair or alternative trading systems as a means to promote ecologically and socially sustainable agricultural pr
Sarah Lyon Evaluating Fair Trade Consumption: Politics, Defetishization, and Producer Participation 2006 This paper combines a critical review of the scholarly literature on fair trade with an analysis of data gathered during 19 months of ethnographic research conducted between 2001 and 2003 among the me
Sarah Lyon Migratory Imaginations: The Commodification and Contradictions of Shade Grown Coffee 2006 In recent years the consumption of shade grown coffee has expanded rapidly in North America, becoming an established sector of the growing green products market.
Sharon Livesey and Kate Kearins Transparent and Caring Corporations?: A Study of Sustainability Reports by the Body Shop and Royal Dutch Shell 2002 Sustainability values reports published by The Body Shop International and by the Royal Dutch/Shell Group are analyzed
Steering Committee of the State-of-Knowledge Assessment of Standards and Certification. (2012). Toward sustainability: The roles and limitations of certification Toward Sustainability: State-of-Knowledge Assessment of Standards & Certification 2012 On June 27, 2012, a 12-member Steering Committee composed of international business and civil society leaders and academic experts released its final report, Toward Sustainability: The Roles and Limit
Stephanie Barrientos Globalization and Ethical Trade: Assessing the Implications for Development 2000 Ethical trade has arisen in the context of globalization. Globalization has been associated with economic liberalization and deregulation of labour markets.
Stephanie Mercier The Evolution of World Grain Trade 1999 Over the course of history world grain trade has developed from the stage where grain was only shipped as incidental cargo to its status today, an industry in which thousands of tons of grain move dai
Steve Suranovic International Labour and Environmental Standards Agreements: Is This Fair Trade? 2002 Labour and environmental standards agreements are two contentious proposals that have contributed to the failure of the WTO to launch a new round of trade liberalisation discussions and have prevented
Sue McGregor Reconceptualizing risk perception: Perceiving Majority world citizens at risk from ‘Northern’ consumption 2006 The premise of this paper is that the consumption behaviour of ‘Northern’ citizens places Majority World citizens at great risk.
Sue McGregor Understanding consumers’ moral consciousness 2006 The issue driving this paper is ‘Why don’t people, in their consumer role, have a well developed moral conscience?’ To address this compelling question, the paper explores the moral consciousness of c
Sue McGregor Structural adjustment programs and human well-being 2005 This paper provides a primer on structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) anticipating that a deeper understanding of these policies enables home economists to influence the global trend for SAPs that i
Sue McGregor Sustainable consumer empowerment through critical consumer education: A taxonomy of consumer education approaches 2005 It has always been assumed that consumer education serves the purpose of empowering people in their consumer role.
Sue McGregor Consumerism as a source of structural violence 2003 Capitalistic consumerism needs an infrastructure in order to continue to manifest itself.
Sue McGregor Consumer entitlement, narcissism, and immoral consumption 2003 The premise of this paper is that a sense of an entitlement to consume, in combination with narcissistic pride, ego, vanity, conceit, and arrogance, leads to the untenable situation of morally irrespo
Susanne Freidberg Culture, Conventions, and Colonial Constructs of Rurality in South-North Horticultural Trades 2003 This paper draws on comparative social history and convention theory to examine current transformations in the contemporary Anglophone and Francophone fresh vegetable trades between Africa and Europe.
Susanne Freidberg Cleaning up Down South: Supermarkets, Ethical Trade and African Horticulture 2003 Supermarkets in Great Britain have joined the country's Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) in order to demonstrate their commitment to social welfare and environmental standards in their supply cha
Tim Anderson and Elisabeth Ridell Fair Trade: The Scope of the Debate 2004 'Fair Trade' has become such a popular term that it now covers a bewildering array of quite different proposals, from protectionist measures through genuine solidarity action to new marketin
Tim Bartley Certifying Forests and Factories: States, Social Movements, and the Rise of Private Regulation in the Apparel and Forest Products Fields 2003 Systems of private regulation based on certification have recently emerged to address environmental issues in the forest products industry and labor issues in the apparel industry.
Valerie Nelson, Anne Tallontire, and Chris Collinson Assessing the benefits of ethical trade schemes for forest dependent people: a comparative experience from Peru and Ecuador 2002 In this paper we consider the social impact of ethical trade schemes, particularly the kinds of benefits ethical trade provides for smallholder farmers and their livelihoods and for sustainable forest
Valéry Bezençon Producers and the fair trade distribution systems: what are the benefits and problems? 2009 Fair Trade presents several benefits to the participating producers and cooperatives, such as higher prices or advance payment.
Valéry Bezençon and Sam Blili Fair Trade Managerial Practices: Strategy, Organisation and Engagement 2009 The number of distributors selling Fair Trade products is constantly increasing. What are their motivations to distribute Fair Trade products? How do they organise this distribution?
Valéry Bezençon and Sam Blili Ethical Products and Consumer Involvement: What's New? 2009 This paper aims to provide an adequate instrument to measure involvement, its antecedents and its impact on behaviours relating to ethical product consumption, using the case of fair trade.
Valéry Bezençon and Sam Blili Fair Trade Channels: Are we Killing the Romantics? 2006 This paper discusses the potential cannibalisation of the original Fair Trade filière by the mainstream one.
Vincent Terstappen, Lori Hanson and Darrell McLaughlin Gender, health, labor, and inequities: a review of the fair and alternative trade literature 2012 The results highlight gender, health, and labor dimensions of fair and alternative trade systems and suggest that diverse groups of producers and workers may be experiencing related inequities.
Will Low and Eileen Davenport Organisational Ethics and Marketing Fair and Ethical Trade 2009 This article critically evaluates current developments in marketing fair trade labelled products and ‘‘no sweat’’ manufactured goods, and argues that both the fair trade and ethical trade movements in
Will Low and Eileen Davenport To Boldly Go…Exploring Ethical Spaces to Re-politicise Fair Trade and Ethical Consumption 2007 This paper examines the modern iterations of ethical consumption which, we argue, are dominated by a highly individualised form, “shopping for a better world”, and marginalizes the more overtly politi
Will Low and Eileen Davenport Mainstreaming Fair Trade: Adoption, Assimilation, Appropriation 2006 Fair Trade is a global social movement that blends an alternative business model with explicit transformative objectives – a “business and campaign”.
Will Low and Eileen Davenport Postcards from the Edge: Maintaining the “Alternative” Character of Fair Trade 2005 This paper argues that the pressures for fair trade to substantially increase market access for marginalised producers in the Global South and subsequently moving fair trade out of niche into mainstre
Will Low and Eileen Davenport Has the Medium (Roast) become the Message? – the ethics of marketing fair trade in the mainstream 2005 This paper examines the ethics of marketing both fair trade products and the movement’s message of change, as fair trade shifts from a distribution system that relied on alternative distribution chann
Will Low and Eileen Davenport Organizational Leadership, Ethics and the Challenges of Marketing Fair and Ethical Trade 2008 This article critically evaluates current developments in marketing fair trade labelled products and ‘‘no sweat’’ manufactured goods, and argues that both the fair trade and ethical trade movements in
William Rosberry The Rise of Yuppie Coffees and the Reimagination of Class in the United States 1996 This article examines the rise of specialty coffee as a marker of taste, class and cosmopolitanism in the United States.
William Young and Karla Utting Editorial: Fair Trade, Business and Sustainable Development 2005 Fair trade has never been more popular, with worldwide sales soaring.
Xueming Luo A contingent perspective on the advantages of stores’ strategic philanthropy for influencing consumer behaviour 2005 The importance and implications of organisational-level charitable giving, or strategic philanthropy, are often overlooked in international consumer literature.